EU Biodiversity strategy
To report on progress to the EU 2020 biodiversity strategy, the European Commission extracted relevant information from the EU Member States’ 5th national reports to the CBD. Of the 5 countries which had not finalized their national reports at the time of the synthesis (26th of August 2015), Greece, Malta, Portugal and Lithuania provided information to be included in the synthesis.
The 5th national reports were examined, and relevant information on selected actions under Targets 1-6 of the EU biodiversity strategy was directly copied. Thus, the information presented here is in the original language and wording of the 5th national reports.
The focus was on information that is particular to the respective Member State rather than referencing EU wide information. In addition, only information that is not directly reported to the European Commission by Member States was retrieved from the reports. Each Member State had the opportunity to review the synthesis of its report and to provide additional input. For more information, please view here. The 5th national report for Italy can be downloaded here.
When reviewing the synthesis of its 5th national report, Italy provided additional input to the report as well as information on the cross-linkages between their national strategy and the European and global biodiversity targets.
EU target 1
Fully implement the Birds and Habitats Directives
(Please note that information from Member States in relation to Action 1a is supplied to the European Commission via other reports. To avoid duplication of reporting, information relating to Action 1a has not been included in this report)
Action 1b: Natura 2000 (and other protected areas)
National Action Plan to promote a sustainable use of phythosanitary products
The Plan was approved by the Ministerial Decree of 22 January 2014 and published in the Official Gazette, General Series n. 35 of 02.12.2014; the guidelines set by the NAP are being prepared, in accordance with article 12 of the Directive on the limitation, replacement and removal of plant protection products in certain sensitive areas, including the sites of the Natura 2000 network and protected areas.
Action 1c: Natura 2000 (and other protected areas)
1011 Sites of Community Importance (42,72%) in which they were adopted or approved management plans or conservation measures (updated to 2012)
Shifting from SCIs (Sites of Community Importance) to SACs started in three Regions. Valle d’Aosta (27 areas, 34,606 ha), Friuli Venezia-Giulia (56 areas, 132,175 ha) and Basilicata (20 areas, 30,824 ha). By the end of 2013 Natura 20000 network comprises 2585 areas (Table 13), of which 92 are entirely marine, and 216 are partially marine.
Action 1d: Natura 2000 (and other protected areas)
Italy is participating in the new biogeographic process. They have been involved regions, the management bodies of Natura 2000 sites and scientists involved in the management.
Action 2: Adequate financing of Natura 2000
Planning of EU funds 2014-2020 in already in progress, and drafting of documents and Operational Programs have been action of pivotal importance in order to integrate biodiversity in sectorial policies. Reference document in this process is Partner Agreement where an explicit mention of ecosystem service has been done, and conservation actions in Natura 2000 areas proposed in Prioritized Action framework by Regions.
In the partnership agreement (approved by the Commission in October 2014) Objective THEME 6 (PROTECT THE ENVIRONMENT AND PROMOTE THE EFFICIENT USE OF RESOURCES) contains actions for the implementation of the Prioritized Action Framework (PAF) and Plans management of the Natura 2000 network; actions to reduce habitat fragmentation and maintain the link ecological and functional; measures to safeguard the recovery and improvement of biodiversity.
Action 3a: Stakeholder awareness and enforcement
The Ministry of the Environment continues the publication of the newsletter "Natura 2000 Italia infora," available online in English and Italian.
http://www.minambiente.it/sites/default/files/archivio/allegati/rete_natura_2000/natura2000_ita [to be updated by the Member State]
The Ministry of Environment has funded a project Life to raise awareness of the agricultural sector on issues of Natura 2000.
2013: Implementation of web portal NaturaItalia aimed both common people and specialist to disseminate about biodiversity topics
Action 3b: Stakeholder awareness and enforcement
2011: Guidelines for the protection of wetlands have been defined, it based on integration of both Ramsar and CBD Convention with the Bird and Habitat Directives, Water Framework Directive and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
http://sgi2.isprambiente.it/zoneumide/allegati/Rapporto%20107%20bassa.pdf [to be updated by the Member State]
On December 2013 the Ministry of Environment organized in Rome a national conference on "The Nature of Italy. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: the green economy for restarting the Country", which was attended by the European Commissioner for Environment Janez Potocnik. In preparation for the Conference two workshops have been organized on October: in Milan, on "Green infrastructure and natural capital", and in Palermo, on the theme "Parks as development places for green economy and green society". During these initiatives the importance of our natural capital for the development of a green economy has been stressed.
The Ministry for the Environment has published "The Measures of compensation in the Habitats Directive" as a reference tool for technicians and authorities involved in the implementation of Article. 6 of the Directive.
EU target 2
Maintain and restore ecosystems and their services
National Strategy for Climate Change Adaptation
Database on prohibited or restricted substances on the basis of Regulation REACH. Legislative decree on sustainable use of plant protection product and to reduce the risks and impact on human health, environment and biodiversity
Action 6a & 6b: Ecosystem restoration and green infrastructure
Italian contribution to global target: Increase in coverage of protected areas at land and sea; 31 March 2014: Protected land area 21,6%, protected marine area 19,1% of total Italian territory (see Table 15), Approval of planning/management tools of the national and regional protected areas: From 2009 to date planning instruments in force in national park have increased by 12.5% to 33% 2013: Environmental accounting in National Park. In 2009 ECST certification was achieved by only one national Park. By the end of 2013, with Federparchi’s support, ECST certification has been achieved by 4 more National Parks. Procedure is underway for other 4 national Parks and one more Marine protected Areas, whit 4 more national parks with an ongoing procedure.
Identification of eight river basin districts and preparation of related management plans, Information System for Water Protection in Italy (SINTAI), Italian node of the system Water Information System for Europe (WISE) made with open source technologies, for reporting to the WFD 200/60/CE
EU target 3
Increase the contribution of agriculture and forestry to maintaining and enhancing biodiversity
Target 3a: Agriculture
National Action Plan to promote a sustainable use of phythosanitary products.
Target 3a, 3b
Integration of ecological network in planning: key action performed by Public Administration to tackle land fragmentation and to protect prime natural elements even outside protected areas
Target 3b: Forestry
Framework program for forestry.Traceability production chain for 2012-2014, aimed at support an economy of forestry that take into account environment protection and land management.
Action 8a & 8b: Environmental public goods in the CAP and GAEC cross-compliance
Action 9a & 9b: Rural development and biodiversity
2007-2013: expenditure concerning Axe 2 totalled approximately 6 billion Euros, with measure “agricultural-environmental payments” ranking as the most significant more incisive at local level, favouring the sustainable utilization of agricultural land with about 3 billion provided.
Action 10: Agricultural genetic diversity
EU target 4
Ensure the sustainable use of fisheries resources and ensuring good environmental status of the marine environment
Action 14b: Adverse impacts on fish stocks, species, habitats and ecosystems
Establishment of new PAs according to SPAMI protocol (Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance): from 7 PAs in 2009 to 10 PAs in 2012
In 2011 decrease trend initiated in 2000 went on, with a shrinking of fishing fleet both in term of number of vessels (-1.2% with respect to 2010) and in fishing capacity (-2.6% with respect to 2010. Also tonnage went through a negative trend (-4% with respect to 2010). Fishing efforts, in a negative trend since 2005, increased from 25.2 in 2008 to 26.5 in 2009, and again decreased from 2009 to 2011 reaching to 23.9; Catch Per Unit of Effort (CPUE) with 8.8 kg/die, are on the same place as last two years (Table 7).
Table 7. Fisheries (source: IREPA – Institute of Economic surveys for fisheries and aquaculture – MIPAAF – Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and fisheries).
EU target 5
Combat Invasive Alien Species
2010: Inventory of terrestrial alien species of vascular plants, IAS eradication projects in small islands, IAS containment projects: status improving
IAS containment projects: Silurus glanis (es. Consorzio dell’Oglio, 2011 - “Plan for Containment of catfish (Silurus glanis L.) in the waters of F. Oglio Sublacuale”
Up-date of the EC-SQUARE Life Project
Start of U-SAVEREDS Life project (October 2014): The main goal of LIFE USAVEREDS is the conservation of the European red squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) in Umbria and the biodiversity in the Apennine ecosystem.
http://ec.europa.eu/environment/life/project/Projects/index.cfm?fuseaction=search.dspPage&n_ [to be updated by the Member State]
June 2014: Development and update of a national database of alien species (all taxa are covered) that include data on: Taxonomy; Status; ccurrence; invasiveness and type of introduction; arrival data; pathways of introduction; distribution at regional level. Data on status and distribution are available online at the site of National Network of Biodiversity:
Many Italian institutions participating in the BALMAS project (Ballast water management system for Adriatic Sea protection). The overall objective of the project is to provide the basis for building a common cross-border control and management of ships' ballast water and sediments, through collaboration among institutions in the Adriatic region.
Amendments to the Decree of June 16, 2010 concerning the national procedures for the issuance of the certification of approved facilities for the treatment of ballast water, produced by Italian companies.
http://www.gazzettaufficiale.it/atto/serie_generale/caricaDettaglioAtto/originario?atto.dataPubbl [to be updated by the Member State]
EU target 6
Help avert global biodiversity loss
Action 17c: Drivers of biodiversity loss
The Italian Ministry of Environment Land and Sea has set up an inter-ministerial Table on the Strategy for Resource Mobilization so as to fulfil the global commitments made at CBD COP10 in Nagoya, especially to achieve Aichi Target 20.
In the course of its activity the inter-ministerial Table has started the process for the elaboration of a national strategy for resource mobilization. In addition, the Table committed to bring the issue of resource mobilization into other areas closely related, for example putting the matter on the agenda of the National Biodiversity Committee, as well as in the preliminary discussion about EU Structural Funds Programmes for the period 2014-2020.
State incentives for energy efficiency.
Action 18a: Resources for global biodiversity conservation
International flows data (ODA – Official Development Assistance) are provided by the Italian Ministries of Foreign Affairs and Environment. Both bilateral and multilateral flows were taken into account.
General Direction for Cooperation and Development (Ministry of Foreign Affairs), in its planning 2011-2013, identified the environment as priority and cross-cutting sector of intervention, promoting several projects, and giving particular consideration on biodiversity issues.
http://www.cooperazioneallosviluppo.esteri.it/pdgcs/italiano/cooperazione/PrioritaSviluppoSostenibile.html [to be updated by the Member State]