Italy has a wide range of landscapes, from its mountainous terrains in the north including the Alps, the large Po valley and a backbone of the Apennine mountains to an extensive coastal area, including the two largest in the Mediterranean, Sardinia and Sicily. Italy has a terrestrial area of over 300,000km² and a marine area close to 58,000km². It is bordered by 6 neighbouring countries. The highest point is Monte Bianco reaching a height of 4,809m on the French border. Italy has a population of 59 million people and a population density of 201.3 people per km².


or land covered by protected areas


of marine waters

covered by protected areas


species protected

under EU law


habitats protected

under EU law