Lithuania

-% of land, -% of ocean covered by value protected areas.
- species and - habitats protected under EU law

Lithuania is a low-lying Baltic coastal country, with a terrestrial area of close to 65 00 km² and a marine area close to 28 000 km². The Curonian Split creates the shallow Curonian Lagoon. It is bordered by 4 other countries. The highest point is Aukštojas Hill at 294m. Lithuania has a population of 2.8 million people and a population density of 44.7 people per km².

Protected areas

- Protected areas

-% of land

-% of marine waters

There are a total of - protected areas in , - Natura 2000 sites - - Special Protection Areas (Birds Directive) and - Sites of Community Importance (Habitat Directive) - as well as - sites designated under national laws.

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-% of the network is protected only through national laws

-% of the network consists solely of Natura 2000 sites

-% consist of and overlap between the two.

The average size of protected areas in Europe is lower compared to other regions of the world. This largely reflects the high degree of fragmentation of the land in Europe due to urbanisation, infrastructure and general intensification of land use. At a EU level 50% of protected areas have an area of less than 1 km². The 10 largest marine sites account for 68% of the marine area, while the 10 largest land sites account for 41% of the land area covered by protected areas

Size distribution of 's land protected areas network

 

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Size distribution of 's marine protected areas network

 

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Natura 2000 sites in cover - species and - habitats from the nature directives. The number of species and habitats protected in each site varies depending on the location of the site, the biodiversity in the region, the designation being used, and the features the site is being created to protect. For - sites there is only 1 feature being protected with - sites having more than 20 features.

The 10 Natura2000 sites with the most number of species & habitats designated.

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Protected species

Species protected in under EU law are protected under the Habitats Directive and under the Birds Directive. The Habitats Directive has a total of 2 500 species on its list, the Birds Directive has a total of 500 species of wild birds protected.

- species protected under EU law in

- species are unique to

- species under the Habitats Directive

- species under the Birds Directive

Conservation status: Habitats Directive

-% of species are considered to be Good

-% of species are considered to be Poor

-% of species are considered to be Bad

-% of species are considered to be Unknown

Conservation Status by Taxa

Protected species present in the most number of sites

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Protected species present in the least number of sites

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Protected species composition by Taxa

 

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Protected habitats

Habitats protected in under EU law are protected under the Habitats Directive. The Habitats Directive has a total of 233 habitats on its list.

- habitats protected under EU law in .

Conservation status: Habitats Directive

-% of habitats are considered to be Good

-% of habitats are considered to be Poor

-% of habitats are considered to be Bad

Conservation Status by Group

Habitat composition by Group

 

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Ecosystems

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Policy

MAES in Lithuania:

In 2017-2019 Lithuania has seen some important developments in the topic of ecosystem services, regarding both MAES process and Ecosystem Services integration in general.  

Regarding national policy developments, most notably, MAES has been included in the current Lithuanian Government’s Work Programme for 2016-2020: Action 1.5.4 calls for mapping and assessment of the status of at least 24 main ecosystem services, and urges the adoption of the legislation to foster integration of the ecosystem services approach into sectoral policies (those important for the maintaining or improving the state of ecosystems and their services). A clear and all-inclusive strategy on how to achieve these goals (and for what purpose) is still lacking, but it is currently in development.

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Green infrastructure in Lithuania:

The Lithuanian GI strategy is in line with the spatial system developed in the country, called nature frame. It is legitimized by the Law on Environmental Protection, the Law on Protected Areas, the Master Plan of the Territory of the Republic of Lithuania, and is defined in master (complex) plans at all levels. General principles for formation of the nature frame areas, requirements for their protection, management, and usage are defined by the Regulations of the Nature Frame, approved by order of the Minister of Environment. The areas of the nature frame in Lithuania cover approximately 60% of the total country area.

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National Biodiversity strategy for Lithuania:

To report on progress to the EU 2020 biodiversity strategy, the European Commission extracted relevant information from the EU Member States’ 5th national reports to the CBD. Of the 5 countries which had not finalized their national reports at the time of the synthesis (26th of August 2015), Greece, Malta, Portugal and Lithuania provided information to be included in the synthesis.

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