-% of land, -% of ocean covered by value protected areas.
- species and - habitats protected under EU law
Greece consists of a mountainous peninsula mainland with a large number of islands. It has n terrestrial area of close to 132 000 km² and a marine area close to 114 000 km². bordered by 4 other countries. The highest point is Mount Olympus at 2 917m. Greece has a population of 10.7 million people and a population density of 82.5 people per km².
- Protected areas
-% of land
-% of marine waters
There are a total of - protected areas in , - Natura 2000 sites - - Special Protection Areas (Birds Directive) and - Sites of Community Importance (Habitat Directive) - as well as - sites designated under national laws.
-% of the network is protected only through national laws
-% of the network consists solely of Natura 2000 sites
-% consist of and overlap between the two.
The average size of protected areas in Europe is lower compared to other regions of the world. This largely reflects the high degree of fragmentation of the land in Europe due to urbanisation, infrastructure and general intensification of land use. At a EU level 50% of protected areas have an area of less than 1 km². The 10 largest marine sites account for 68% of the marine area, while the 10 largest land sites account for 41% of the land area covered by protected areas
Size distribution of's land protected areas network
Size distribution of's marine protected areas network
Natura 2000 sites in - species and - habitats from the nature directives. The number of species and habitats protected in each site varies depending on the location of the site, the biodiversity in the region, the designation being used, and the features the site is being created to protect. For - sites there is only 1 feature being protected with - sites having more than 20 features.cover
The 10 Natura2000 sites with the most number of species & habitats designated.
Species protected inunder EU law are protected under the Habitats Directive and under the Birds Directive. The Habitats Directive has a total of 2 500 species on its list, the Birds Directive has a total of 500 species of wild birds protected.
- species protected under EU law in
- species are unique to
- species under the Habitats Directive
- species under the Birds Directive
Conservation status: Habitats Directive
-% of species are considered to be Good
-% of species are considered to be Poor
-% of species are considered to be Bad
-% of species are considered to be Unknown
Conservation Status by Taxa
Protected species present in the most number of sites
Protected species present in the least number of sites
Protected species composition by Taxa
Habitats protected inunder EU law are protected under the Habitats Directive. The Habitats Directive has a total of 233 habitats on its list.
- habitats protected under EU law in .
Conservation status: Habitats Directive
-% of habitats are considered to be Good
-% of habitats are considered to be Poor
-% of habitats are considered to be Bad
Conservation Status by Group
Habitat composition by Group
MAES in Greece:
Green infrastructure in Greece:
The Ministry of Environment & Energy is responsible for environmental policy, the preparation of plans and programmes, and overseeing their implementation. The Ministry is also in charge of the transposition of EU environmental Directives into national law. At the decentralised level, the regional and municipal authorities exercise, within their areas, certain environmental competences and assure the practical application of various environmental measures (e.g. water quality, waste management, impact assessment).
National Biodiversity strategy for Greece:
To report on progress to the EU 2020 biodiversity strategy, the European Commission extracted relevant information from the EU Member States’ 5th national reports to the CBD. Of the 5 countries which had not finalized their national reports at the time of the synthesis (26th of August 2015), Greece, Malta, Portugal and Lithuania provided information to be included in the synthesis.