In March 2010, following on from the 2006 Biodiversity Action Plan the Heads of State and Government of the European Union (EU) agreed on an EU and global 2050 vision and 2020 biodiversity headline target.
In May 2011, the EU adopted the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 that lays down the framework for EU action over the next ten years in order to meet the 2020 biodiversity headline target and also following the global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020.
EU commits to the global Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020
In 2010 the conference of the parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, 2011-2020, including the twenty Aichi Biodiversity Targets. This strategy is a relevant overarching framework on biodiversity for the other biodiversity-related conventions as well, and should contribute to the Millennium Development Goals as well as the future Sustainable Development Goals.
The EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 responds to this mandate, setting the EU on the right track to meet its own biodiversity objectives and its global commitments.
- EU Biodiversity Targets and related global Aichi Biodiversity targets
- EU Biodiversity Indicators and related global Aichi Biodiversity targets
The EU strategy is built around six mutually supportive targets which address the main drivers of biodiversity loss and aim to reduce the key pressures on nature and ecosystem services in the EU. Each target is further translated into a set of time-bound actions and other horizontal measures.
EU 2050 vision
By 2050, European Union biodiversity and the ecosystem services it provides - its natural capital - are protected, valued and appropriately restored for biodiversity's intrinsic value and for their essential contribution to human well-being and economic prosperity, and so that catastrophic changes caused by the loss of biodiversity are avoided.
EU 2020 headline target
Halting the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services in the EU by 2020, and restoring them in so far as feasible, while stepping up the EU contribution to averting global biodiversity loss.
EU targets and actions
- Target 1: Fully implement the Birds and Habitats Directives » Actions » Indicators » 2010 Objective 1
- Target 2: Maintain and restore ecosystems and their services » Actions » Indicators » 2010 Objectives 2 3 4
- Target 3: Increase the contribution of agriculture and forestry to maintaining and enhancing biodiversity » Actions » Indicators » 2010 Objective 4
- Target 4: Ensure the sustainable use of fisheries resources » Actions » Indicators
- Target 5: Combat invasive alien species » Actions » Indicators » 2010 Objective 5
- Target 6: Help avert global biodiversity loss » Actions » Indicators » 2010 Objectives 7 8
EU horizontal measures
Achieving the EU and global 2020 biodiversity targets requires accompanying horizontal measures, in particular
- partnerships for biodiversity,
- mobilisation of resources to support biodiversity and ecosystem services and
- strengthening of the biodiversity knowledge base.
The implementation of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 will be followed up closely and subject to a mid-term review in 2015 and a final report in 2020. The reviews will also benefit from the results of the EU's national reports as required under the Convention on Biological Diversity (i.e. fifth national report due by 31 March 2014 http://www.cbd.int/nr5/default.shtml).
A target cross-linking tool (TCT) has been developed by countries and the European Environment Agency to support Member States in organising their national information according to multiple targets and indicators, and thus to streamline reporting at global, EU and national levels.
EU common implementation framework
The common implementation framework (CIF) is the governance structure underpinning the effective delivery of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020, involving the European Commission and Member States in partnership with key stakeholders and civil society.
The purpose of the CIF is to:
- facilitate implementation of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 by putting in place a clear and logical EU level governance framework that is as efficient and effective as possible;
- create ownership for the implementation of the EU biodiversity strategy across all relevant policy areas by involving representatives from a wide range of services, ministries and institutions in implementation of the strategy;
- ensure the involvement of all relevant stakeholders at the appropriate level of policy making, beyond the traditional biodiversity community. The scope of current stakeholder representation should be broadened, as appropriate;
- minimise duplication of effort and maximise synergies between efforts undertaken at different levels and by different actors and stakeholders; share information and best practice and address common challenges.
The proposal on a CIF including the overall structure as proposed by the EU Commission has been welcomed and validated in general by the EU Nature Directors at their meeting of 22 May 2012, in Denmark.
(Click in the boxes to collapse or expand the chart)
|BIODIVERSITY & NATURE DIRECTORS (Chair: Presidency; Co-chair: Commision)|
Co-ordination Group for Biodiversity & Nature (Chair:Commission)
|TARGET 1 - NATURE CONSERVATION||TARGET 2 - RESTORATION, GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE||TARGET 3 - AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY||TARGET 4 - SUSTAINABLE USE OF FISHERIES RESOURCES AND GES||TARGET 5 - INVASIVE ALIEN SPECIES||TARGET 6 - GLOBAL|
Habitats Comittee (ENV)
Ornis Committee (ENV)
WG Agriculture & Biodiversity
Standing Forest Commitee (AGRI-ENV)
MS Consult. Grp. On IAS (ENV)
Standing Ctee on IAS (ENV)**
Scientific Review Grp on IAS (ENV)**
Biodiversity & Dev. Coop. Platform (ENV-DEVCO)
Reporting Expert Group (ENV)
Natura 2000 Management WG (ENV)
Natura Seminars (ENV)
Other Natura 2000 ad hoc groups on specific sectors, some of which are also listed under T2, T3, T4
ENEA-MA WG on 2014-2020 Cohesion Policy & Biodiversity (ENV/REGIO)
N2000 Ad Hoc groups (e.g. inland waterways) (ENV)
N200 seminars (ENV)
EIA/SEA Expert Grp (ENV)
Agri-Env Correspondent Group (ENV)
Advisory group on Agri & Env (AGRI)
N2000 & agri Ad Hoc group (ENV)
N2000 & forest Ad Hoc group (ENV)
MSFD Coordination Group (ENV)
N2000 Marine Exp. Grp (ENV)
N2000 Ad hoc group. Aquaculture (ENV)
COMAR for marine biod. IN ABNJ (MARE)
Trade & Environment Ctee (TRADE)
Monitoring and reporting on the EU Biodiversity Strategy
European Commission (DG ENV), European Environment Agency & other stakeholders
Legend: Current chairmanship in brackets, Core groups in bold, ** group under consideration as part of legislative proposal
The aim of the mid-term review is to take stock of progress in relation to the targets and actions under the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020. Identifying gaps in implementation is necessary in order to inform decision-makers of areas in which increased efforts are needed to ensure that the EU meets its biodiversity commitments by 2020.
The 2015 mid-term review of the EU biodiversity strategy to 2020 consists of a Report from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on "The Mid-Term Review of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020" and the more detailed Commission Staff Working Document "EU assessment of progress in implementing the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020". Contributions from the Member States to the 2015 Mid-Term Review, based on their 5th national reports to the Convention on Biological Diversity, are compiled in a separate document. For a summary of progress towards the 2020 biodiversity targets see the leaflet.
While significant progress has been made in a number of important policy areas such as the Revised Common Fisheries Policies (Target 4), the control and management of Invasive Alien Species (Target 5) and Timber Regulations as well as the introduction of biodiversity provisions in bilateral trade agreements (Target 6), the mid-term review shows that the biodiversity targets will only be reached if efforts in relation to implementation and enforcement are accelerated and strengthened. At the current rate of implementation, biodiversity loss and the degradation of ecosystem services will continue throughout the EU and globally, eroding natural capital and compromising efforts to achieve sustainable development.
For a visual presentation of the results of the mid-term review please click on the graph below.
On 16 December 2015, the Council adopted
On 2 February 2016, the European Parliament adopted a