Ensure the sustainable use of fisheries resources: “Achieve Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) by 2015*. Achieve a population age and size distribution indicative of a healthy stock, through fisheries management with no significant adverse impacts on other stocks, species and ecosystems, in support of achieving Good Environmental Status (GES) by 2020, as required under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. (*) The reformed Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) which entered into force in 2014 aims to ensure MSY exploitation rates for all stocks by 2015 where possible, and at the latest by 2020.”
Significant progress has been made in setting the policy framework for sustainable fisheries under the reformed EU common fisheries policy (e.g. regional seas’ multi-annual fisheries management plans), and of good environmental status under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive. The Commission is promoting improvements in oceans governance for more sustainable management of marine resources. However, policy implementation has been uneven across the EU and major challenges remain to ensure that the objectives are achieved according to schedule. In the ICES area, among the 65 to 71 stocks that are fully assessed over the years, the proportion of overexploited stocks decreased from more than 70% to close to 40% over the last 10 years. Although fishing pressure may be reducing, other pressures such as pollution from agricultural intensification has negatively affected water quality (e.g. eutrophication of the Baltic Sea), and more than 40% of coastal waters in the EU are affected by diffuse water pollution from agriculture. As a result of multiple pressures such as; seafloor damage, pollution by nutrient enrichment and contaminants, the spreading of non-indigenous species, and climate change and associated ocean acidification marine species and ecosystems continue to decline across Europe’s seas.
Indicators used in this assessment
Number of Deep Sea VME's within EU EEZ and status and/or advice on fishing restrictions
Relevant websites, links, and files
Policy Statement for 2019 – state of play with CFP implementation
- SWD https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM:2018:452:FIN
- Annex https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=SWD:2018:329:FIN