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Interactive presentation of the EU Biodiversity Strategy

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BISE is a single entry point for data and information supporting biodiversity policy in the EU. It also serves as the EU Biodiversity Clearing House Mechanism to CBD.
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EU TARGET
1
Fully implement the Birds and Habitats Directives
Fully implement the Birds and Habitats Directives
To halt the deterioration in the status of all species and habitats covered by EU nature legislation and achieve a significant and measurable improvement in their status so that, by 2020, compared to current assessments:
(i) 100% more habitat assessments and 50% more species assessments under the Habitats Directive show an improved conservation status; and
(ii) 50% more species assessments under the Birds Directive show a secure or improved status.
Action 1 to
Action 4
ACTION 1
Complete the establisment of the Natura 2000 network and ensure good management
1a) Member States and the Commission will ensure that the phase to establish Natura 2000, including in the marine environment, is largely complete by 2012.
1b) Member States and the Commission will further integrate species and habitat protection and management requirements into key land and water use policies, both within and beyond Natura 2000 areas.
1c) Member States will ensure that management plans or equivalent instruments which set out conservation and restoration measures are developed and implemented in a timely manner for all Natura 2000 sites.
1d) The Commission, together with Member States, will establish by 2012 a process to promote the sharing of experience, good practice and cross-border collaboration on the management of Natura 2000, within the biogeographical frameworks set out in the Habitats Directive.
ACTION 2
Ensure adequate financing of Natura 2000 sites
2) The Commission and Member States will provide the necessary funds and incentives for Natura 2000, including through EU funding instruments, under the next multiannual financial framework. The Commission will set out its views in 2011 on how Natura 2000 will be financed under the next multi-annual financial framework.
ACTION 3
Increase stakeholder awareness and involvement and improve enforcement
3a) The Commission, together with Member States, will develop and launch a major communication campaign on Natura 2000 by 2013.
3b) The Commission and Member states will improve cooperation with key sectors and continue to develop guidance documents to improve their understanding of the requirements of EU nature legislation and its value in promoting economic development.
3c) The Commission and Member States will facilitate enforcement of the nature directives by providing specific training programmes on Natura 2000 for judges
ACTION 4
Improve and streamline monitoring and reporting
4a) The Commission, together with Member States, will develop by 2012 a new EU bird reporting system, further develop the reporting system under Article 17 of the Habitats Directive and improve the flow, accessibility and relevance of Natura 2000 data.
4b) The Commission will create a dedicated ICT tool as part of the Biodiversity
CIF Groups
CIF Groups
  • Habitats Comittee (ENV)
  • Ornis Committee (ENV)
  • Reporting Expert Group (ENV)
  • Natura 2000 Management WG (ENV)
  • Natura Seminars (ENV)
  • Other Natura 2000 ad hoc groups on specific sectors, some of which are also listed under T2, T3, T4
Aichi Targets
(3)
Aichi Target 1
Aichi Target 1
By 2020, at the latest, people are aware of the values of biodiversity and the steps they can take to conserve and use it sustainably.
Aichi Target 11
Aichi Target 11
By 2020, at least 17% of terrestrial and inland water, and 10% of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscape and seascapes.
Aichi Target 12
Aichi Target 12
By 2020, the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.
EU TARGET
2
Maintain and restore ecosystems and their services
Maintain and restore ecosystems and their services
By 2020, ecosystems and their services are maintained and enhanced by establishing green infrastructure and restoring at least 15 % of degraded ecosystems.
Action 5
to Action 7
ACTION 5
Improve knowledge of ecosystems and their services in the EU
5) Member States, with the assistance of the Commission, will map and assess the state of ecosystems and their services in their national territory by 2014, assess the economic value of such services, and promote the integration of these values into accounting and reporting systems at EU and national level by 2020
ACTION 6
Set priorities to restore and promote the use of green infrastructure
6a) By 2014, Member States, with the assistance of the Commission, will develop a strategic framework to set priorities for ecosystem restoration at sub-national, national and EU level.
6b) The Commission will develop a Green Infrastructure Strategy by 2012 to promote the deployment of green infrastructure in the EU in urban and rural areas, including through incentives to encourage up-front investments in green infrastructure projects and the maintenance of ecosystem services, for example through better targeted use of EU funding streams and Public Private Partnerships.
ACTION 7
Ensure no net loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services
7a) In collaboration with the Member States, the Commission will develop a methodology for assessing the impact of EU funded projects, plans and programmes on biodiversity by 2014.
7b) The Commission will carry out further work with a view to proposing by 2015 an initiative to ensure there is no net loss of ecosystems and their services (e.g. through compensation or offsetting schemes).
CIF Groups
CIF Groups
Aichi Targets
(4)
Aichi Target 15
Aichi Target 15
By 2020, ecosystem resilience and the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhanced, through conservation and restoration, including restoration of at least 15% of degraded ecosystems, thereby contributing to climate change mitigation and adaptation and to combating desertification.
Aichi Target 14
Aichi Target 14
By 2020, ecosystems that provide essential services including services related to water, and contribute to health, livelihoods and well-being, are restored and safeguarded, taking into account the needs of women, indigenous and local communities, and the poor and vulnerable.
Aichi Target 8
Aichi Target 8
By 2020, pollution, including from excess nutrients, has been brought to levels that are not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
Aichi Target 10
Aichi Target 10
By 2020, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
EU TARGET
3
Increase the contribution of agriculture and forestry to maintaining and enhancing biodiversity
Increase the contribution of agriculture and forestry to maintaining and enhancing biodiversity
3a) Agriculture: By 2020, maximise areas under agriculture across grasslands, arable land and permanent crops that are covered by biodiversity related measures under the CAP so as to ensure the conservation of biodiversity and to bring about a measurable improvement(*) in the conservation status of species and habitats that depend on or are affected by agriculture and in the provision of ecosystem services as compared to the EU2010 Baseline, thus contributing to enhance sustainable management.

3b) Forests: By 2020, Forest Management Plans or equivalent instruments, in line with Sustainable Forest Management (SFM), are in place for all forests that are publicly owned and for forest holdings above a certain size(**) (to be defined by the Member States or regions and communicated in their Rural Development Programmes) that receive funding under the EU Rural Development Policy so as to bring about a measurable improvement(*) in the conservation status of species and habitats that depend on or are affected by forestry and in the provision of related ecosystem services as compared to the EU 2010 Baseline.


(*) For both targets, improvement is to be measured against the quantified enhancement targets for the conservation status of species and habitats of EU interest in Target 1 and the restoration of degraded ecosystems under target 2.
(**) For smaller forest holdings, Member States may provide additional incentives to encourage the adoption of Management Plans or equivalent instruments that are in line with SFM.
Action 8
to Action 12
ACTION 8
Enhance direct payments for environmental public goods in the EU Common Agricultural Policy
8a) The Commission will propose that CAP direct payments will reward the delivery of environmental public goods that go beyond cross-compliance (e.g. permanent pasture, green cover, crop rotation, ecological set-aside, Natura 2000).
8b) The Commission will propose to improve and simplify GAEC (Good Agricultural and Environmental Conditions) cross-compliance standars and consider including the Water Framework Directive within the scope of cross-compliance once the Directive has been implemented and the operational obligations for farmers have been identified in order to improve the state of aquatic ecosystems in rural areas.
ACTION 9
Better target Rural Development to biodiversity conservation
9a) The Commission and Member States will integrate quantified biodiversity targets into Rural Development strategies and programmes, tailoring action to regional and local needs.
9b) The Commission and Member States will establish mechanisms to facilitate collaboration among farmers and foresters to achieve continuity of landscape features, protection of genetic resources and other cooperation mechanisms to protect biodiversity.
ACTION 10
Conserve Europe's agricultural genetic diversity
10) The Commission and Member States will encourage the uptake of agri-environmental measures to support genetic diversity in agriculture and explore the scope for developing a strategy for the conservation of genetic diversity.
ACTION 11
Encourage forest holders to protect and enhance forest biodiversity
11a) Member States and the Commission will encourage the adoption of Management Plans,31 inter alia through use of rural development measures32 and the LIFE+ programme.
11b) Member States and the Commission will foster innovative mechanisms (e.g. Payments for Ecosystem Services) to finance the maintenance and restoration of ecosystem services provided by multifunctional forests.
ACTION 12
Integrate biodiversity measures in forest management plans
12) Member States will ensure that forest management plans or equivalent instruments include as many of the following measures as possible: - maintain optimal levels of deadwood, taking into account regional variations such as fire risk or potential insect outbreaks;- preserve wilderness areas; - ecosystem-based measures to increase the resilience of forests against fires as part of forest fire prevention schemes, in line with activities carried out in the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS); - specific measures developed for Natura 2000 forest sites; - ensuring that afforestation is carried out in accordance with the Pan-European Operational Level Guidelines for SFM, in particular as regards the diversity of species, and climate change adaptation needs.
CIF Groups
CIF Groups
  • WG Agriculture & Biodiversity
  • Standing Forest Commitee (AGRI-ENV)
  • Agri-Env Correspondent Group (ENV)
  • Advisory group on Agri & Env (AGRI)
  • N2000 & agri Ad Hoc group (ENV)
  • N2000 & forest Ad Hoc group (ENV)
Aichi Targets
(3)
Aichi Target 7
Aichi Target 7
By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
Aichi Target 13
Aichi Target 13
By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.
Aichi Target 5
Aichi Target 5
5: By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero and fragmentation is significantly reduced.
EU TARGET
4
Ensure the sustainable use of fisheries resources and ensuring good environmental status of the marine environment
Ensure the sustainable use of fisheries resources and ensuring good environmental status of the marine environment
Achieve Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY) by 2015. Achieve a population age and size distribution indicative of a healthy stock, through fisheries management with no significant adverse impacts on other stocks, species and ecosystems, in support of achieving Good Environmental Status by 2020, as required under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive
Action 13
to Action 14
ACTION 13
Improve the management of fished stocks
13a) The Commission and Member States will maintain and restore fish stocks to levels that can produce MSY in all areas in which EU fish fleets operate, including areas regulated by Regional Fisheries Management Organisations, and the waters of third countries with which the EU has concluded Fisheries Partnership Agreements.
13b) The Commission and Member States will develop and implement under the CFP long-term management plans with harvest control rules based on the MSY approach. These plans should be designed to respond to specific time-related targets and be based on scientific advice and sustainability principles.
13c) The Commission and Member States will significantly step up their work to collect data to support implementation of MSY. Once this objective is attained, scientific advice will be sought to incorporate ecological considerations in the definition of MSY by 2020.
ACTION 14
Eliminate adverse impacts on fish stocks, species, habitats and ecosystems
14a) The EU will design measures to gradually eliminate discards, to avoid the by-catch of unwanted species and to preserve vulnerable marine ecosystems in accordance with EU legislation and international obligations.
14b) The Commission and Member States will support the implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive, including through providing financial incentives through the future financial instruments for fisheries and maritime policy for marine protected areas (including Natura 2000 areas and those established by international or regional agreements). This could include restoring marine ecosystems, adapting fishing activities and promoting the involvement of the sector in alternative activities, such as eco-tourism, monitoring and managing marine biodiversity, and combating marine litter.
CIF Groups
CIF Groups
Aichi Targets
(3)
Aichi Target 6
Aichi Target 6
By 2020, all fish and invertebrate stocks and aquatic plants are managed and harvested sustainably, legally and applying ecosystem based approaches, so that overfishing is avoided, recovery plans and measures are in place for all depleted species, fisheries have no significant adverse impacts on threatened species and vulnerable ecosystems and the impacts of fisheries on stocks, species and ecosystems are within safe ecological limits.
Aichi Target 7
Aichi Target 7
By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.
Aichi Target 10
Aichi Target 10
By 2020, the multiple anthropogenic pressures on coral reefs, and other vulnerable ecosystems impacted by climate change or ocean acidification are minimized, so as to maintain their integrity and functioning.
EU TARGET
5
Combat Invasive Alien Species
Combat Invasive Alien Species
By 2020, Invasive Alien Species (IAS) and their pathways are identified and prioritised, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and pathways are managed to prevent the introduction and establishment of new IAS.
Action 15
to Action 16
ACTION 15
Strengthen the EU Plant and Animal Health Regimes
15) The Commission will integrate additional biodiversity concerns into the Plant and Animal Health regimes by 2012.
ACTION 16
Establish a dedicated instrument on Invasive Alien Species
16) The Commission will fill policy gaps in combating IAS by developing a dedicated legislative instrument by 2012.
EU Indicator
(1)
CIF Groups
CIF Groups
  • MS Consult. Grp. On IAS (ENV)
  • Standing Ctee on IAS (ENV)
  • Scientific Review Grp on IAS (ENV)
Aichi Target
(1)
Aichi Target 9
Aichi Target 9
By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.
EU TARGET
6
Help avert global biodiversity loss
Help avert global biodiversity loss
By 2020, the EU has stepped up its contribution to averting global biodiversity loss.
Action 17
to Action 20
ACTION 17
Reduce indirect drivers of biodiversity loss
17a) Under the EU flagship initiative on resource efficiency, the EU will take measures (which may include demand and/or supply side measures) to reduce the biodiversity impacts of EU consumption patterns, particularly for resources that have significant negative effects on biodiversity.
17b) The Commission will enhance the contribution of trade policy to conserving biodiversity and address potential negative impacts by systematically including it as part of trade negotiations and dialogues with third countries, by identifying and evaluating potential impacts on biodiversity resulting from the liberalisation of trade and investment through ex-ante Trade Sustainability Impact Assessments and ex-post evaluations, and seek to include in all new trade agreements a chapter on sustainable development providing for substantial environmental provisions of importance in the trade context including on biodiversity goals.
17c) The Commission will work with Member States and key stakeholders to provide the right market signals for biodiversity conservation
ACTION 18
Mobilise additional resources for global biodiversity conservation
18a) The Commission and Member States will contribute their fair share to international efforts to significantly increase resources for global biodiversity as part of the international process aimed at estimating biodiversity funding needs and adopting resource mobilisation targets for biodiversity at CBD CoP11 in 2012.
18b) The Commission will improve the effectiveness of EU funding for global biodiversity inter alia by supporting natural capital assessments in recipient countries and the development and/or updating of National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans, and by improving coordination within the EU and with key non-EU donors in implementing biodiversity assistance/projects.
ACTION 19
'Biodiversity proof' EU development cooperation
19) The Commission will continue to systematically screen its development cooperation action to minimise any negative impact on biodiversity, and undertake Strategic Environmental Assessments and/or Environmental Impact Assessments for actions likely to have significant effects on biodiversity.
ACTION 20
Regulate access to genetic resources and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from their use
20) The Commission will propose legislation to implement the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilisation in the European Union so that the EU can ratify the Protocol as soon as possible and by 2015 at the latest, as required by the global target.
CIF Groups
CIF Groups
  • Biodiversity & Dev. Coop. Platform (ENV-DEVCO)
  • Trade & Environment Ctee (TRADE)
Aichi Targets
(5)
Aichi Target 2
Aichi Target 2
By 2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have been integrated into national and local development and poverty reduction strategies and planning processes and are being incorporated into national accounting, as appropriate, and reporting systems.
Aichi Target 3
Aichi Target 3
By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiversity are eliminated, phased out or reformed in order to minimize or avoid negative impacts, and positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are developed and applied, consistent and in harmony with the Convention and other relevant international obligations, taking into account national socio economic conditions.
Aichi Target 16
Aichi Target 16
16: By 2015, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization is in force and operational, consistent with national legislation.
Aichi Target 17
Aichi Target 17
17: By 2015, each Party has developed, adopted as a policy instrument, and has commenced implementing an effective, participatory and updated national biodiversity strategy and action plan.
Aichi Target 20
Aichi Target 20
By 2020, at the latest, the mobilization of financial resources for effectively implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 from all sources, and in accordance with the consolidated and agreed process in the Strategy for Resource Mobilization, should increase substantially from the current levels. This target will be subject to changes contingent to resource needs assessments to be developed and reported by Parties.